As we approach what most Christians consider “holy week,” it’s important that we understand the reason for our remembrance of these special days and the prophetic nature of those days. Each and every feast day in the Jewish economy was prophetic of Christ and His ministry, from the earthly to the heavenly.
There is so much “good religion” in a careful study of the feast days instituted by Christ himself, the Rock of Israel. (1 Cor 10:4) For our purposes here, we’ll do a fly-by at 10,000 feet to get a view of Christ you may have not seen before.
To truly understand Jesus and His work for us, we need to carefully study the Old Testament sanctuary or tabernacle, which is the blueprint of salvation. Within this model of the true tabernacle in heaven (Heb 8:2) are the secrets of how God deals with sin, sinners, and salvation. All the feast days connected with this tabernacle are highly symbolic of the One who would come to fulfill the types and shadows (Heb 8:5) associated.
The sanctuary itself focuses on events in Christ’s life and ministry, while the feast days focus on the timing of those events. Here are the order of the 7 feast days:
- Passover (Month 1, Day 14)
- Unleavened Bread (Month 1, Day 15-22)
- Firstfruits (Month 1, Day 16)
- Pentecost (50 days after Firstfruits)
- Trumpets (Month 7, Day 1)
- Day of Atonement (Month 7, Day 10)
- Tabernacles (Month 7, Day 15)
Bible study is all about seeing Jesus, so come, let us search for Him in the feast days!
Fact: Did you know that the Passover ceremony of Exodus 12, when combined with the 70 week prophecy of Daniel 9, provides us with the precise year, month, day, and hour of Jesus’ crucifixion?
- Year: Daniel 9:24-27 tells us that from the command to restore and rebuild Jerusalem to the time of Jesus’ anointing by the Holy Spirit (v. 24) for His ministry on earth is 69 prophetic weeks = 483 literal years. The command went forth in 457 B.C. by Artaxerxes, described in Ezra 7. (Note: our B.C/A.D dating method does NOT begin with a “year 0”, as there was no year 0, nor does it begin with Jesus’ birth in “year 1,” as Herod the Great, the ruler at the time of Christ’s birth, died in the year 4 B.C.) Dan 9:26 tells us that the Messiah would be “cut off”= killed halfway through the 70th prophetic week, but “not for Himself…” Jesus was killed for us!
- Month: According to Exodus 12:2, the lamb was slain in the first month of the Jewish calendar
- Day: Exodus 12:6 tells us the lamb is slain on the 14th day of the 1st month
- Hour: Exodus 12:6 also tells us the lamb is slain “between the evenings”= twilight= 3:00 p.m.
The Passover ceremony was first instituted during the exodus from Egypt. The angel of death was instructed to pass through Egypt and kill the first born sons of all of Egypt. Only those people who obeyed God and sacrificed a lamb, putting its blood on the doorposts of their home, were spared and “Passed Over” by the angel.
Exo 12:1-11. Here we find the service of remembrance given by God to Israel. The Jews had a 7 month religious calendar, with Passover as the first feast day. Let us take note of a few details:
- It begins by the selection of a spotless lamb on the 10th day of the first month
- The lamb stays with the people for 3 1/2 days, then killed in the middle of the 14th day
- Verse 6 tells us the lamb is killed “in the evening”= “between the evenings”= noon, yet in the dark
- Its blood must be applied to each individual’s doorpost
Are you ready for type to meet Antitype? Here we go!
John 1:29. John the Baptist tells his followers, “Behold the Lamb of God, which taketh away the sin of the world.”
Num 14:34, Eze 4:5,6, Dan 9:24-27. In Bible prophecy, one prophetic day = one literal year. Therefore, from the time when John the Baptist pronounces Jesus the chosen Lamb of God at His baptism, to the time when He is crucified, equals exactly 3 1/2 years!
Amos 8:9, Matt 27:45, Mark 15:33, Luke 23:44. At noon, while Jesus is on the cross, the sun goes dark for 3 hours. No solar eclipse lasts this long, friends. This was supernatural!
1 Cor 5:7. Christ is called “our Passover” by the apostle Paul. The gospel must be applied to each individual’s heart in order to be saved.
The cross is the Passover ceremony acted out by Christ! Where in the sanctuary is the Lamb slain? The altar of burnt offering is where this holy event is prophetically illustrated. Does the story end there? God forbid!
We still have the laver, the Holy Place, and the Most Holy Place, as well as the other 6 feast days to uncover hidden truth from!
Let us “follow the Lamb wherever He goes…” (Rev 14:4)